Pixie-Bob News Room

Bloody Diarrhea, Vomiting and No Vaccines?

Re: Bloody diarrhea, vomiting and No Vaccines?


Hello again.

I have literally just come back from the clinic- I was
called at 3AM by some pretty concerned people-

Their 9 week old un vaccinated puppy had vomited at least
12 times in the last 12 hours, had bloody diarrhea, and
was very weak.

I dragged myself out of my sleep stupor, and wandered through
the quiet dark streets of Nelson at 3AM- NO ONE is up then.

The puppy is a sweet WolfHound Cross- and his new family have barely
had him for 24 hours.

He was 8% dehydrated, very lethargic, running a Temp of 39.7 C,
and had profuse smelly, watery and bloody diarrhea.

It is most likely infectious diarrhea- Parvovirus- and
we will test later this morning.

His new family Acted Quickly, and were able to make the RIGHT
DECISION to bring him in immediately.

I now have him on IV FLUIDS, Antibiotics, and Medication to
help stop the Vomiting.

He will Most likely recover from this- BUT it could
have been prevented.


In this Case…



I guess so.

One day I am telling you WHY you shouldn’t vaccinate, and
the next day I am saying vaccinate.

Specifically this is the MOST IMPORTANT disease to vaccinate
your dog for.

BUT, you only need 2 vaccines, at 8 and 12 weeks- NOT a whole
combination of things at the same time.

TO get my ENTIRE Vaccine Protocol, go here:



P.S. The Puppy was already feeling a bit better when I left.
I had given him 300ML of IV Fluids and some Metoclopramide to
Stop the Vomiting. I will be using some Homeopathics with him
as well.

For those of you wanting to read ALL about the PROS and CONS
of VACCINES, PLUS what else you can do to keep your dog and cat
healthy WITHOUT Vaccines, check out:


It’s Your Pet…Heal Them At Home!

Best Wishes,

Dr Andrew Jones, DVM


May 19, 2008 Posted by | K9 Health | 3 Comments

Why Dogs Like To Chew Things

From The Dog Crazy Newsletter

By Petplace.com

Ever wonder why dogs chew on things?  Even better, why do they chew on expensive things (like the $10,000 cherry wood dining set or the $150 pair of dress shoes or $250 purse)? Well…there are several reasons for dogs chewing on things.

1. Puppies and juvenile dogs learn about their environment by mouthing and gnawing on objects. Typically the targets are random, and may include shoes, books or bedposts. Investigational or “play-related” destructiveness of this kind is a normal behavior for a growing dog.

2. Some adult dogs chew out of boredom  or because they are upset when “abandoned” by their owners each morning. In frenzied efforts to escape the house or find her owner, a dog of this persuasion will dig and chew at doorways, windowsills and curtains. She may also search for shoes, pillows, purses and other personal items to chew on.

3. Other dogs may chew because they have a nervous personality or they have some phobia. If your dog suffers from thunder phobia, she can cause dramatic damage to your house on stormy days.  In addition to thunder, your dog may develop fears of fireworks, wind, and a variety of other noises.

4. Finally, dogs chew because it is “FUN”.

The solutions to stop chewing will vary based on the dog and the reason for the chewing. But one simple time tested solution is to give them something to chew on. There are a number of excellent “chew toys” in the market. I like the Kong® brand toys, that are durable and strong. They come in a variety of sizes and shapes (you can even hide treats in many KONG toys).

You can get these toys on-line and in many stores.  If you shop

PetSmart, they have a large number of items  On-Sale including toys, food, accessories, etc. For more information on the items on Sale, go to petsmart.com  (if you enter your zip code they will even show the specials in your local store!)

Ensure whatever chew toys you use are built to withstand a good chewing without breaking in dangerous pieces that your dog can choke on or get lodged in his intestinal tract.  Choose the right toys and your house will be a safe place for your shoes, chairs and your furniture.

Until next time…

Dr. Jon

May 19, 2008 Posted by | K9 Health | 1 Comment

Our Dog Killed Our Cat!!

From The Dog Crazy Newsletter

By Petplace.com

Last Saturday I sent you an article by our  “Irreverent Vet” titled Dog Breeds that are Bad with Cats .

The response to this article has been INCREDIBLE! Over 20,000 people read that article and many sent comments about their own dog/cat experiences.  I will share / post as many comments as we can over the next week as many of them are excellent.

Today, I want to share one of the stories we got.  I think we can all learn something from it.

Here is Donna’s story about how her dog killed her cat.

“We have a Weimaraner that killed my cat.  I was devastated.  I had the cat for years, and also had 2 other dogs that got along fine with the cat.  But when I got married, my husband had a Weimaraner puppy.  I did my best to socialize him with the cat, just like I did with my other dogs.  Things seemed to be fine, but he did always seem to have the instinct to chase her.  One day I came home, and found my cat dead.

I usually kept my cat in a separate area of the house when I wasn’t home, just to make sure she was safe, so I’m not sure how he got to her.  But anyway, it was a terrible thing.  I do still love my Weimar very much, (although I’ll admit it took me awhile to forgive him).  He’s really a truly sweet, lovable, and wonderful dog.  But I think the chase and hunt instinct in him was too great, especially if she ran, or hissed at him.  He loves to chase most anything, birds, squirrels (he recently caught one of those too), rabbits, etc.  I think it’s just his breed.  I’ve heard stories of Weimaraner getting along with cats, but I would never take the chance again, nor would I advise anyone to get a Weimaraner if they have a cat.  Just my personal experience, I thought I would share.
Good luck to those who have cats and dogs.  I’d love to have another cat, but I’ve learned a hard lesson with my Weimar.”

Donna Keith

Thanks for sharing your story Donna.  Thanks for forgiving your dog, you are a kind spirit.

If you did not read the Irreverent Vet’s article on what Dog Breeds don’t get along with Cats Go to: Dog Breeds that are Bad with Cats – The Irreverent Vet Speaks Out.

You may be surprised…

Hope you are having great weekend.

Until next time…

Dr. Jon

P.S. – So who is the Irreverent Vet?   He/She has over 15 years of veterinary experience and is very, very knowledgeable. I ask the “Irreverent Vet” to tackle tough topics on a regular basis.  His/Her comments may not be popular sometimes, but they are honest and are intended to give you an insight into what vets really think (but may be afraid to say to their clients).

If you did not read the Irreverent Vet’s article Go to: Dog Breeds that are Bad with Cats – The Irreverent Vet Speaks Out  (you’ll see what I mean)

May 19, 2008 Posted by | Feline Health, K9 Health | 15 Comments

Does Your Dog Chew His Kibble Or Swallow It Whole?

From The Dog Crazy Newsletter

By Petplace.com

Some dogs chew their kibble and other just seem to swallow it whole. Some seem just gulp their food between chasing the cats.

So does the shape of a dog’s food matter to a dog?  Pet food companies do lots of studies on the size and shape of kibble that dogs like most.  In today’s market most dog kibble is square, rectangular or irregular shaped.

So… what is the best kibble shape? How about the size of a nice Dog BONE that they can hold in their mouth.

A meal in the shape of a bone? Yes, this is the concept behind a new dog food that just came out called WholeMeals. (if you can’t picture it – check here to see a photo of it). Their studies suggest that dogs like it better and that there is a substantial reduction in tartar and plaque as they are required to “chew” their food rather than swallow it whole.  It takes a dog about four times longer to eat and is more “natural”.

This is a really interesting concept.  Nutritionally it looks good. This product is available in a number of specialty pet stores. To see this brand new product and see if it is something your dog may like go to: wholemeals.com.

Whatever you feed, make sure it is nutritious and formulated to meet the life stage of your dog.  Also, periodically take a look at your dog’s teeth to determine if tartar and plaque are building up. If you notice your dog has bad breath or the teeth are abnormal – make an appointment with your veterinarian.

Until next time,

Dr. Jon

P.S.  The most important thing is that the kibble is nutritious, smells good,is palatable and that your dog likes it. If you he seems to have lost his zest for eating his kibble you may want to try a bone shaped kibble . To see this new bone-shaped food and see if it is right for your dog go to: wholemeals.com.

May 19, 2008 Posted by | K-9 Nutrition, K9 Health | 5 Comments

#2 Reason Dogs Go To The ER

From The Dog Crazy Newsletter

By PetPlace.com

Last week I told you the number one reason pet owners take their dogs… is vomiting.

Can you guess what is #2?

Well?… It is diarrhea. I know that this is not a pleasant subject, but it is so common that I believe all that all pet owners should know what to do if your dog has an on-set of diarrhea. So please take a minute to read this e-mail so you know what to look for and what to do.

Let’s get started…

A quick medical definition  for diarrhea is a sudden onset and short duration (three weeks or less) of watery or watery-mucoid diarrhea. Occasionally the fecal material is also overtly bloody.

Diarrhea results from excessive water content in the feces and is an important sign of intestinal diseases in the dog. Diarrhea can affect your dog by causing extreme fluid loss, which leads to dehydration, electrolyte disturbances, and/or acid-base imbalances.

Diarrhea is a symptom that can be caused by many different diseases or conditions, and specific treatment requires a diagnosis.

Common causes of diarrhea include:

1. Dietary indiscretion can include the eating of spoiled food, overeating, the ingestion of foreign materials, and/or sudden changes in the diet.

2. Intestinal parasites (e.g. roundworms, hookworms, whipworms) are a common cause of acute diarrhea, especially in young dogs.

3. Bacteria and bacterial toxins (Salmonella, Clostridium, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli, Yersinia, etc.) may cause acute diarrhea and may be contracted from contaminated food and water, or exposure to the fecal material of other infected animals.

Although most cases of acute diarrhea are short-lived and self-limiting, there are some cases that require diagnostic testing to confirm an underlying cause. This will require that you take your dog into see you vet or to the Emergency Room.

How much will going in to see the vet for a dog with diarrhea cost you? Anywhere from $100 – $300+ depending whether they do fecal studies, complete blood count, radiographs and other diagnostic tests.

Could you afford to cover emergencies like this out of pocket?  How about even more costly emergencies? Have you looked into pet insurance yet? If you have not done so, take a minute to find out how pet insurance can save you money – go to: veterinarypetinsurance.com .

The good news, is that in many cases the prognosis for cure of self-limiting diarrhea is very good. When the diarrhea begins you should feed a bland diet, made from a boiled lean meat (chicken, hamburger or turkey) mixed 50/50 with boiled white rice. Do not use any additives such as butter, salt, garlic, or seasoning. Over a couple days, you can slowly decrease the bland diet and increase is regular food until he is back on his normal food.

If the dog that has diarrhea acts lethargic, weak, the diarrhea has blood or vomiting begins, the recommendation is to have the dog evaluated by a veterinarian even if you have to pay for it out-of-pocket. Your dog’s health is the first priority.

Until next time…

Dr. Jon

P.S. – Once the diarrhea has resolved, keep your dog on a consistent, balanced diet and restrict access to garbage and other things that can cause diarrhea. If your dog’s diarrhea has failed to respond to the management outlined, it may require more extensive diagnostics. You should have your dog reevaluated by your veterinarian.

P.P.S. – Vomiting and diarrhea are very common and in the best of cases can cost hundreds of dollars in office / ER visits or thousands if there is a more serious underlying condition. If you have the cash in the bank and are willing to spend it, that is great. However, if unexpected expenses are a problem, please consider pet insurance. They have a number of different plans to fit different budgets.  To get a quote and see if there is plan that is right for you Go to: petinsurance.com.

May 19, 2008 Posted by | K9 Health | Leave a comment

Today’s Articles 5/14/08




Many Pixie-Bobs share their lives with other pets. We’ve added new sections for them in our News Room. Feel free to share stories, articles, news and send us pics of them to post, even if you aren’t owned by a Pixie-Bob….yet

Here are some of our new sections:





May 14, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Today’s Feline Links



About Alley Cat Allies


Hyperthyroidism In Cats

Protect Pets From Cancer

Helping A Cat Age Gracefully


“If You Had Only 3 Weeks To Live, Would You Do This?”

Links sent in by Sandra Janoski of Wild Touch Pixie-Bobs

May 13, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Animals affected by 2 MAJOR World Disasters.

Article sent in by Sandra Janoski

There has been some pretty UNREAL world disasters in the
last week.

First in Mynamar ( Burma) a MAJOR cyclone that has left
thousands of people, and probably HUNDREDS of thousands
of animals dead.

Then yesterday in China, a HUGE earthquake, that has left
thousands of people and again probably HUNDREDS of thousands
of animals stranded- with many dead.

The news is ALL focused on the human tragedy and loss-
rightfully so- but on top of this there is the animals:
pets, farm animals and the wildlife ALL affected.

I am grateful to be living somewhere where the chance of
MAJOR disaster is pretty low, and my heart goes out to all
of the people, and the animals affected by these tragedies.

BUT Sandra, you and I can be affected.

Major Disaster Can Happen here.

SO the key is NOT to live a LIFE in fear, but to be prepared
if it ever happens.

So I went to my Membership site, http://www.theonlinevet.com,
and I am sending you a Special Report on Disaster Preparation:

Be Prepared with a Disaster Plan

The best way to protect your family from the effects of a
disaster is to have a disaster plan. If you are a pet owner,
that plan must include your pets. Being prepared can save their

Different disasters require different responses. But whether
the disaster is a hurricane or a hazardous spill, you may have
to evacuate your home.

In the event of a disaster, if you must evacuate, the most
important thing you can do to protect your pets is to evacuate
them, too. Leaving pets behind, even if you try to create a safe
place for them, is likely to result in their being injured, lost,
or worse. So prepare now for the day when you and your pets may
have to leave your home.

1. Have a Safe Place To Take Your Pets

Disaster shelters cannot accept pets because of provincial and
states’ health and safety regulations and other considerations.
Service animals who assist people with disabilities are the
only animals allowed in shelters. It may be difficult, if not
impossible, to find shelter for your animals in the midst of a
disaster, so plan ahead. Do not wait until disaster strikes to
do your research.

Contact hotels and motels outside your immediate area to check
policies on accepting pets and restrictions on number, size,
and species. Ask if “no pet” policies could be waived in an
emergency. Keep a list of “pet friendly” places, including
phone numbers, with other disaster information and supplies.
If you have notice of an impending disaster, call ahead for

Ask friends, relatives, or others outside the affected area
whether they could shelter your animals. If you have more
than one pet, they may be more comfortable if kept together,
but be prepared to house them separately.

Prepare a list of boarding facilities and veterinarians who
could shelter animals in an emergency; include 24-hour phone

Ask local animal shelters if they provide emergency shelter or
foster care for pets in a disaster. Animal shelters may be
overburdened caring for the animals they already have as well
as those displaced by a disaster, so this should be your last

2. Assemble a Portable Pet Disaster Supplies Kit

Whether you are away from home for a day or a week, you’ll
need essential supplies. Keep items in an accessible place
and store them in sturdy containers that can be carried
easily (duffle bags, covered trash containers, etc.). Your
pet disaster supplies kit should include:

Medications and medical records (stored in a waterproof
container) and a first aid kit.

Sturdy leashes, harnesses, and/or carriers to transport
pets safely and ensure that your animals can’t escape.

Current photos of your pets in case they get lost.

Food, potable water, bowls, cat litter/pan, and can opener.

Information on feeding schedules, medical conditions,
behavior problems, and the name and number of your veterinarian
in case you have to foster or board your pets.

Pet beds and toys, if easily transportable.

3. Know What To Do As a Disaster Approaches

Often, warnings are issued hours, even days, in advance.
At the first hint of disaster, act to protect your pet.

Call ahead to confirm emergency shelter arrangements for
you and your pets.

Check to be sure your pet disaster supplies are ready to
take at a moment’s notice.

Bring all pets into the house so that you won’t have to
search for them if you have to leave in a hurry.

Make sure all dogs and cats are wearing collars and securely
fastened, up-to-date identification. Attach the phone number
and address of your temporary shelter, if you know it, or
of a friend or relative outside the disaster area. You can
buy temporary tags or put adhesive tape on the back of your
pet’s ID tag, adding information with an indelible pen.

You may not be home when the evacuation order comes. Find
out if a trusted neighbor would be willing to take your
pets and meet you at a prearranged location. This person
should be comfortable with your pets, know where your animals
are likely to be, know where your pet disaster supplies kit
is kept, and have a key to your home. If you use a petsitting
service, they may be available to help, but discuss the
possibility well in advance.


P.S. Planning and preparation will enable you to evacuate with your
pets quickly and safely. But bear in mind that animals react
differently under stress. Outside your home and in the car,
keep dogs securely leashed. Transport cats in carriers. Don’t
leave animals unattended anywhere they can run off. The most
trustworthy pets may panic, hide, try to escape, or even bite
or scratch. And, when you return home, give your pets time to
settle back into their routines.

It’s too late to wait until it happens… If you haven’t
prepared for this, then spend 1 less hour this week watching
T.V. and get prepared.

P.P.S. You can get access to HUNDREDS of Quality Reports like
these, PLUS access to ME on the Forum, a MONTHLY Teleseminar,
AND a CD or DVD sent to YOU in the Mail Each MONTH.

To get this and EVEN MORE got to:


It’s Your Pet…Heal Them At Home!

Best Wishes,

Dr Andrew Jones, DVM

May 13, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 2 Comments

Flea allergies

Cat Crazy Newsletter
By petplace.com

This is the season where many pets begin to itch and itch and itch some more. A common cause is allergies to fleas.

Some cats are allergic to fleas. It is actually an allergy to the saliva of the fleas. Just one bite can cause many cats to break out and begin their cycle of itching and allergy treatments.

The best way to deal with flea allergies is to ensure that your cat doesn’t have fleas and doesn’t perpetuate fleas.

There is nothing you can do to stop a random flea from jumping on your cat. But there is something you can do to prevent that one flea from producing more and more fleas.

One flea can turn into thousands in a short time. It is amazing. The life cycle of the flea is especially rapid during the warm humid months of summer.

The best way to prevent that one flea from infesting your cat and home is to ensure he is on flea prevention medication. What does this mean? This means that if your cat takes a monthly preventative medication , if a flea jumps on him and bites him, it will receive a tiny dose of medication that will prevent it from reproducing thus preventing more fleas.

Talk to your vet to determine if your cat should be on flea prevention medications. One new product that works well is called ProMeris.

Go to: Promeris.com for more information.

The best time to begin flea prevention medication is NOW. Later in the summer – fleas are at very high numbers and it will be more difficult to prevent them, increasing your time and cost on treating fleas.


Dr. Jon

P.S. One thing that is especially annoying about fleas is that your cat doesn’t have to go outdoors to get them. You can bring flea eggs in your home on your shoes. Talk to your vet to determine if your cat should be on a flea prevention medication such as ProMeris.

Go to Promeris.com for more information.


May 13, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

‘Cat Lady of Baghdad’ battles on

Article sent by Sandra Janoski

11:34 AM PDT on Tuesday, April 29, 2008

Associated Press

BAGHDAD – The mission was to get Simba al-Tikriti out of Iraq and to a new life in Britain.


An undated photo released by the owner shows Simba al-Tikriti, who made an improbable escape from Iraq.

First, a roadside bomb nearly wiped out the taxi heading to the border with Kuwait. The next step was to hide under tarps in the back of a truck. More hardship awaited: six months caged by authorities in England.

But freedom eventually came for Simba, who walked away from captivity with tail held high.

So began the improbable work of the self-proclaimed Cat Lady of Baghdad.

Related Content
Baghdad Cat Rescue

Society for the Protection of Animals Abroad
“Some people buy flash cars, others flash clothes. But it’s my animals that float my boat,” said Louise, a security consultant in Baghdad who moonlights as a one-woman animal rescue unit that may be the only such organized effort under way in Iraq.

Since Simba’s journey three years ago, she has managed to send four more cats and two dogs back to her native England. The costs — which can run up to $3,500 per animal — are covered by donations and her “old stuff” sold on eBay.

“Collectibles, Cabbage Patch Kids, toys, the lot,” said Louise, who asked that only her first name be published because of security worries.

Louise — a tall, blond and blunt-speaking former soldier with an accent as thick as Yorkshire pudding — also has private battles to wage with Iraqi bureaucracy. Completing mountains of paperwork, calls to countless officials and, on one occasion, bursting into tears at the airport have all been required to get animals out of the war zone.

By law, any animal imported to Britain must go through a six-month quarantine. There are also required vaccinations.

It all started when Simba, a white cat with “tabby bits,” strolled onto a U.S. military base. Soon came the planning for Operation Puss ‘n’ Boots — as the Simba journey was dubbed by Louise’s colleagues when she worked at the Army outpost near Tikrit, about 80 miles north of Baghdad.

An Iraqi working with Louise was heading to Basra in southern Iraq. She asked if he could take Simba to the border with Kuwait, where an English friend would be waiting.

Just south of Baghdad, a car bomb exploded a few yards from the cab, but no one was hurt. At the border, Simba crossed into Kuwait with the cat hidden.

There may even be a bit of aristocracy among the felines she has rescued.

A popular urban myth in the Green Zone is that the area is overrun with cats because Saddam Hussein kept hundreds in and around his former presidential palace, which now houses the U.S. Embassy.

“Two of my cats — Googles and George — have Ocicat markings,” Louise said, referring to a highly prized spotted breed that originated by interbreeding Abyssinian, Siamese and American Shorthair cats. The theory goes that few in Iraq, other than Saddam, would have had such a cat.

It is impossible to gauge how many dogs, cats and other animals have been rescued in Iraq in the past five years by soldiers and foreigners.

In March, Marine Maj. Brian Dennis, was reunited with Nubs after his family and friends raised the costs to fly the 2-year-old mutt from Iraq to San Diego. Dennis found the hound stabbed with a screwdriver in Iraq’s Anbar province and nursed him back to health. He named him Nubs after learning someone cut the ears off believing it would make the dog more aggressive and alert.

Many Western companies also have one or more pets living in their compounds, and cats and dogs are often seen on military bases.

It can be a strong dose of culture shock for many Iraqis who are unaccustomed to having pets and who especially — following widely held Muslim tradition — eschew dogs as unclean.

In January, Iraqi security guards and maintenance workers watched with bemusement as Zeus — one of the dogs Louise rescued — was lavished with belly scratches and other doggy treats by Westerners before it was flown to England.

But when Iraqi workers came near, Zeus would bark savagely and nip at their heels. Louise denied that the pooch had something against Iraqis.

“He just senses their fear, that’s all,” she said.

According to an official with the Jordan office of the London-based Society for the Protection of Animals Abroad, there are no established groups actively working in Iraq to rescue small animals. Veterinarians have been targeted by insurgents and fled the nation in droves.

“This has left a huge black hole for all animals in Iraq,” said Dr. Ghazi Mustafa, the group’s director in Jordan.

The State Department, through its provincial reconstruction teams, is working on livestock care, providing free vaccinations and funneling in as many military veterinarians as possible.

But about the only time smaller animals see a vet is to be put down.

Thousands of stray cats and dogs in Baghdad’s Green Zone and on U.S. military installations across Iraq have been trapped and euthanized for health reasons under a program carried out for the military by the contractor KBR Inc., a former Halliburton subsidiary.

“No one involved in the animal control program enjoys the task,” said Lt. Col. Raymond F. Dunton, chief of preventive medicine for the military in Iraq. “Unfortunately, it is critical that we continue this work to protect the health and safety of our service members.”

Stray dogs and cats, Dunton said, can spread rabies and other diseases that could be transmitted to soldiers.

Last year, nearly 7,100 animals were caught in humane traps by KBR workers, Dunton said. Of those, about 5,300 were euthanized.

At least four of those were cats that Dennis Quine said he had been planning to take back to his native England.

Quine, a former contract maintenance worker for the British Embassy in Baghdad, befriended five feral cats last August. When he returned from a vacation in December, he learned that his cats had been caught by KBR workers.

Quine spent several evenings searching for the cats. Finally, after about a week, the lone survivor — Missy — turned up. Quine knew he had to get her out of Iraq.

He had heard of Louise by word of mouth.

After leaving Iraq in December on a Royal Air Force flight — which did not allow pets — Quine returned on a commercial flight to be reunited with Missy, who had been under Louise’s care. Quine and Missy then made their way to England, where the cat is now in quarantine.

“Friends have said it is stupid, asked why I’m doing this,” he said. “I tell them, ‘Hold on, this is nothing less than what I’d do for a friend.’ I was prepared to risk my life to get my cat out.”

For weeks, Louise had sworn she could no longer take any more pets back to her family home in England and would only act as matchmaker for strays and new owners. “I’ve got five cats, two dogs, four guinea pigs, some fish and two parents at home,” she said.

But as she left Baghdad for a vacation this month, there beside her sat Tigger, a skinny street cat with half a tail, on his way to Britain.

May 13, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment